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      文章首页>> 极浪讲堂 >> 单车 >> 
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    汉斯·瑞山地单车教程(图)
    文:xbreaker   来源:www.hansrey.com   时间:2007-1-26 20:37:37   点击:4003
     

     

    汉斯·瑞山地单车教程

      世界冠军汉斯·瑞(Hansjörg Rey)作为极限山地单车的先驱之一,以其惊人的的表演和探险成为山地单车的代表,至今仍活跃在山地单车领域。汉斯·瑞山地单车教程讲解了山地单车骑行和障碍基本技术,以及如何成为职业车手的建议。(HansRey 极浪编译)

    一、平衡

      平衡是山地车最基本的技术,也是慢速骑行所必须掌握的,有以下几种练习方法。

    动作要领:
    1. 在一个缓坡上,车头冲下,尽可能慢的向下骑行
    2. 找平地的一根直线,沿线骑行
    3. 缓慢踩踏在地面8字骑行
    4. 在较低的街沿或条状路线仔细踩踏骑行

    小贴士:
    做能做到的,不要冒险,眼观前方3至5英尺处

    Practice Balancing on a Mountain Bike

    "Balance is perhaps the most fundamental skill in mountain biking," says Hans. "Learning it is essential for low-speed technical situations." Here are a few basic exercises you should be able to do.

    Steps:
    1. Locate an extremely slight slope, point the nose of your bike downhill, and roll along as slowly as possible.
    2. Find a long painted line on a flat surface, and slowly trace the line with your tires.
    3. Practice a figure eight, rolling in a continually tighter and slower formation.
    4. Pedal carefully along the length of a low curb or beam.

    Tips:
    "The trick is to concentrate on where you want to go, not where you don't," advises Hans. "If you look over the edge of a drop, you'll end up there. It helps me if I look three to five feet ahead of where I am."

    二、定车

    定车可提供考虑下一步动作的时间,或等待出发的开始

    动作要领:
    1. 上车
    2. 将脚踏置于水平位置
    3. 将车把向习惯的方向转45度
    4. 胸部在远离车把的上方位置
    5. 身体转至与车把平行
    6. 双脚伸直踩于脚踏并放松,前脚施压
    7. 胯部向车把转向的相反反向移出
    8. 放松-避免僵硬的姿态
    9. 用单指捏紧刹车
    10.进行微调保持平衡

    小贴士:
    注视前方5英尺处并保持精神集中,可以靠树或请朋友帮忙扶住直到掌握正确的位置

    警告:
    尽早并不断进行平衡调整

    How to Track Stand on a Mountain Bike

    Standing your bike in one spot gives you time enough to make a quick course decision, or allows the stoplight to change from red to green.

    Steps:
    1. Stand on your bike.
    2. Spin the cranks to horizontal.
    3. Turn your handlebars 45 degrees to whichever side feels most comfortable.
    4. Adjust your weight so that your chest is far over the handlebars.
    5. Twist your body parallel to the turned handlebars.
    6. Keep your legs outstretched and solid on the pedals, but not too stiff. The front foot should hold pressure on the forward pedal.
    7. Stick your hip out to the opposite side of the turned handlebars.
    8. Stay loose – avoid any stiff or cramped position.
    9. Set the brakes with one finger.
    10. Make slight adjustments to keep balance.

    Tips:
    "I look at a point five feet ahead where it's calm and focus on something not distracting," says renowned mountain biker Hans Rey.
    You can lean a part of the bike against something to practice, like the front tire against a tree. Or have a friend hold you until you get the positioning down correctly.

    Warnings:
    Correct your balance early and continually.

    三、过障碍

      如果在途中遇到岩石或圆木等需要过障碍的技术,这有点类似冲跳,不同之处是始终有一个轮子着地,注意在2英尺以下的高度采用。

    动作要领:
    1. 注意此方法在低于2英尺的障碍物时效果良好
    2. 以中等速度直线行进至障碍物
    3. 在障碍物等高的距离处开始动作(如2英尺的障碍物,则在距离其2英尺处)
    4. 踩踏半圈并拉起把横
    5. 将前轮抬至障碍物上,曲柄呈水平状态(图1)
    6. 重心前移至超过把横,同时踩踏并将后轮抬起,动作一气呵成(图2)
    7. 将前轮驶离障碍物(如平台)或另一侧(如圆木)(图3)
    8. 后轮骑上障碍物(图4)
    9. 后轮驶离障碍物

    小贴士:
    掌握过障碍的技术可以在遇到情况时有更多选择,有时冲跳更容易,比如熟练车手在速度较快的情况可以选择冲跳。

    警告:
    如果欲爬上一堵矮墙或平台,可以身体前倾,过圆木等障碍时重心应控制在车座后方。

    How to Ride Over an Obstacle on a Mountain Bike

    If you find yourself faced with a rock or log in the path, use this technique to scale it quickly. This works much like the bunny hop, except here, one wheel is generally always on the ground and your pace is slower.

    Steps:
    1. Note that these instructions work well for objects less than 2 feet tall.
    2. Approach the object at medium speed and at a perpendicular angle if possible.
    3. Start your move at a distance equal to the object's height (2 feet in front of a 2-foot-tall rock, for example).
    4. Pedal half a stroke as you pull up on the handlebars.
    5. Set your front wheel on the object. Your cranks should be horizontal again. (Image 1)
    6. Throw your weight over the handlebars, and at the same time push your feet down, back, then up in one motion in order to lift the rear wheel off the ground. (Image 2)
    7. Hop the front wheel farther along the object (for, say, a platform) or simply roll your tire off the other side (if it's a log, for example). (Image 3)
    8. Land the rear tire where the front one was. (Image 4)
    9. Roll the back tire off the object, or continue along on top of it.

    Tips:
    "Many times, it is easier to go over an obstacle than around it," says Hans. Adding this skill to your repertoire expands your options when you must choose in a split second.
    If you're skilled and moving fast, bunny hop the shorter objects.

    Warnings:
    If you're scaling a short wall or platform, throw your weight forward to bring the rear tire up. But be careful when jumping a log. In this case, keep your weight behind the seat or risk an endo. 

    四、冲跳

      无论在丛林还是城市,双轮同时跳起可以越过很多障碍,可以从跳跃地面的一根线开始,逐步过度到跳跃棍子等狭窄障碍物。

    动作要领:
    1. 从跃过地面的一条横线开始,然后逐渐过度到小木棍
    2. 保持曲柄水平状态
    3. 后脚尖指向地面,膝盖弯曲,就象短跑选手的起跑姿势
    4. 上半身前倾,重心保持在中心(图1)
    5. 正对障碍物慢速滑行(图2)
    6. 将注意力集中在跳跃时脚部的动作
    7. 当靠近障碍物时身体曲向车子
    8. 双脚发力利用胎压向上跳起(图3)
    9. 利用双臂和双腿吸收落地时的冲力(图4)

    小贴士:
    发力越猛则跳得越高,在最高点控制住车,并利用车胎弹性和避震系统缓冲。

    警告:
    中速骑行,滞空时间尽量短以便于控制。

    How to Bunny Hop a Mountain Bike

    Jumping both wheels off the ground at once will help you out of some tight jams and over many obstacles – whether you're in the forest or the city.

    Steps:
    1. Start out by trying to hop over a line on the ground, then move to a thin stick and progress from there.
    2. Keep your cranks horizontal.
    3. Angle the toes of your back foot toward the ground and keep your knees bent. This position looks similar to a sprinter crouching in the blocks.
    4. Lean your upper body over the handlebars and keep your weight centered. (Image 1)
    5. Roll up to the object at jogging speed and at a perpendicular angle. (Image 2)
    6. Concentrate on the correct footwork for the jump. You actually push your feet down, back, then up in one dynamic motion.
    7. Crouch down on the bike just before reaching the object.
    8. Use the footwork and the compression of your tires to explode upward. (Image 3)
    9. Absorb your landing in your arms and legs. "Land like a cat, not a sack of potatoes," says Hans. (Image 4)

    Tips:
    The stronger your explosion, the higher the jump. At its highest point, you can try to hold it.
    Use the rebound of your tires and suspension to your advantage – these will aid the explosive motion.

    Warnings:
    Ride at medium speed. If you go too slow it takes forever to get over the object. Advises Hans, "Your airtime should be as short as possible so you retain control of the jump."
     

    五、侧拉冲跳

    侧拉冲跳可以用于上台阶或树桩等障碍物

    动作要领:
    1. 先在地面上划条线进行侧跳练习
    2. 沿该线平行线方向骑行
    3. 后脚尖指向地面,膝盖弯曲,就象短跑选手的起跑姿势(图1)
    4. 上半身前倾略超过把横,重心保持在中心
    5. 慢速向障碍物滑行,保持曲柄水平
    6. 将注意力集中在跳跃的脚法:脚向下、向后再向上踩踏的过程
    7. 起跳前将身体压低
    8. 利用双脚和车胎的弹性发力(图2)
    9. 前轮先起跳
    10.前轮向侧前方45度跳起,身体同时向侧向移动(图3)
    11.把后轮拉向侧面(先将身体移向侧面,然后把车拉过去)(图4)

    小贴士:
    可以用较为安全的纸箱等物进行练习以免损坏车子

    警告:
    后轮一定要离地,必须有信心,因犹豫做一半动作是危险的

    How to Parallel Bunny Hop a Mountain Bike

    This angled jump can lift you sideways onto a curb or safely over trail ruts and tree roots.

    Steps:
    1. Start your practice with a painted line on flat ground.
    2. Saddle your bike and ride parallel to the line.
    3. Angle the toes of your rear foot slightly toward the ground and keep your knees bent. In this position you'll resemble a sprinter crouching in the blocks. (Image 1)
    4. Lean your upper body slightly over the handlebars and keep your weight centered.
    5. Roll up to the object at jogging speed, keeping your cranks horizontal.
    6. Concentrate on the correct footwork for the jump: Push your feet down, back, then up in one dynamic motion.
    7. Crouch down on the bike just before the jump.
    8. Use the footwork and the compression of your tires to explode upward. (Image 2)
    9. Go slightly with the front tire first.
    10.Lift the front tire up and throw your weight 45 degrees to the front and side. (Image 3)
    11.Pull the rear of the bike along (initially, your body is almost over to the side, then you pull the bike under you). (Image 4)

    Tips:
    Practice this with something safe, such as a cardboard box, so you don't damage the bike.

    Warnings:
    Be sure to get your rear tire off the ground; don't leave it dangling.
    "You must commit yourself," notes Hans. "Half a move doesn't get you anywhere. In fact, half a move can be dangerous." 

    六、颠前轮

    很酷的动作,用前轮小幅度跳动

    动作要领:
    1. 将车座调低
    2. 脚踏置于水平位置向前缓慢滑行(图1)
    3. 用2根手指刹紧前刹(其余手指握紧车把)
    4. 直到后轮抬离地面
    5. 随着后轮前移,身体同时前倾(图2)
    6. 将脚滑至正确位置:后脚踏在垂直状态,后脚尖向下并准备向上提拉车子(图3)
    7. 当后轮到最高点时开始跳跃,就象踩蹦跷一样
    8. 前轮小幅度跳跃,双臂放松伸直
    9. 如果重心过前则前轮向前跳动,反之则向后跳动,这是帮助保持平衡的关键
    10.后轮落地退出该动作

    小贴士:
    果前叉有避震的要调至最硬的状态,即便如此还是要对抗避震的作用力。如果前摔即分开双腿从车上跳过去,最好使用平踏板。

    警告:
    注意车架的强度须适合该动作。

    How to Front-Wheel Hop on a Mountain Bike

    This is a very cool but extremely advanced move - you flip your back end up and hop on the front tire.

    Steps:
    1. Adjust your bike seat to a low position.
    2. Roll slowly forward with the cranks horizontal. (Image 1)
    3. Pull your front brake until it locks 100 percent, and hold it with a maximum of two fingers. (You need the others to hang on.)
    4. Lock the brake until your back wheel lifts forward off the ground.
    5. Move your butt backward as the rear of the bike comes forward. (Image 2)
    6. Slide your feet into the correct position: The rear pedal is vertical and your back toes should point down. You are almost pushing up with the rear foot and holding the bike. (Image 3)
    7. Begin hopping when the back tire is at its highest point, and before you lose your balance – like you're on a pogo stick.
    8. Make small, smooth hops. Your arms should be stretched but not solid and stiff.
    9. Hop your front tire forward if you begin falling forward, and likewise, hop the rear tire back if you begin to fall backward. This will help you achieve your balance point.
    10.Allow the rear of the bike to drop to exit the position.

    Tips:
    "If you have a suspension fork, make sure it's adjusted very hard or you fight against the suspension," says Hans. "Yes, even I have the fork adjusted stiffly."
    If you flip over forward, spread your legs and jump off the bike.
    "I recommend flat pedals for this trick," says Hans.

    Warnings:
    Cheap bike parts might not be able to withstand the weight and force of this trick. 

    七、后轮骑行

      这是一项费事而又颇具难度的动作,即便有些世界杯赛事的选手也不见得能做出象样的后轮骑,而有些孩子花时间练习倒做的很好。

    动作要领:
    1. 将车座调低,后轮骑行时是坐在车座上的,这样有助于保持重心及平衡
    2. 车档调至中低位并开始滑行
    3. 身体前曲使重心越过把横
    4. 将曲柄置于11点位置
    5. 踩踏同时拉起车头
    6. 身体迅速后仰,就象坐在躺椅的姿势,继续踩踏
    7. 伸直双臂,坐在车座的前端
    8. 用一个手指控制后刹车其余握紧车把
    9. 不断用刹车调整速度,以免掉下车
    10.放松,前轮保持抬在空中
    11.开始控制垂直和左右方向的平衡
    12.通过后刹及踩踏控制垂直方向的平衡,前轮要掉下来时增加踩踏,过度后仰则捏刹车
    13.左右平衡须及时调整,否则将难以保持平衡
    14.通过曲膝、伸腿或反方向打把来控制左右平衡(放下前轮时车把要回直,否则后果可以自己想象)
    15.让前轮落下结束

    小贴士:
    整套动作几乎在瞬间完成,这也是难度所在。初学者可先练习上坡及抬前轮的动作,注意调整前后重心,逐步就会适应。

    警告:
    当前轮抬起后身体重心不要超过车把,踩踏不要过猛以免无法控制车速。

    How to Do a Wheelie on a Bike

    "Generally speaking, this is one of the most time-consuming and difficult moves out there," says Hans. "Some guys, even in the World Cup race, cannot ride a good wheelie. But you'll see kids riding them because they put the time into it."

    Steps:
    1. Adjust your seat to a low position. You'll ride the wheelie sitting down, and seat position will help keep your center of gravity and balance.
    2. Put the bike into a medium or low gear and begin at rolling speed.
    3. Crouch your upper body so your weight is over the handlebars.
    4. Turn the cranks to the 11:00 position.
    5. Pedal down and pull up on the handlebars simultaneously.
    6. Immediately lean back - as if you were in a rocking chair - and continue pedaling. You need to trust your rear brake, otherwise you'll flip over backward.
    7. Outstretch your arms and sit on the tip of the seat.
    8. Keep one finger on the rear brake while the others firmly hold the grip.
    9. Feather the brake continually - this helps to control speed and can prevent you from falling on your butt.
    10.Relax. The front tire should be pretty high in the air.
    11.Begin controlling the two balances: vertical and sideways.
    12.Adjust the vertical balance with the rear brake (if leaning too far back) or by pedaling (if your front wheel begins to drop).
    13.Fight the sideways balance early; it's impossible to recover if you wait too long.
    14.Control the sideways balance by sticking out a knee or foot, or by turning the handlebars in the opposite direction. (Just make sure the handlebars are straight before you come down.)
    15.Let the front wheel drop to come out of the move.

    Tips:
    All these intricate and slight movements happen at once, which is why this is a difficult trick.
    "I hate riding wheelies clipped into the pedals," notes Hans. Ride it flat.
    For beginners, try riding slightly uphill. Also, practice hopping off the back for practice - so you'll be able to in a pinch.
    There's no such thing as perfect balance - you will always be plus or minus your balance point. It will slowly become easier to correct.

    Warnings:
    Don't keep your weight over the handlebars once the front tire is in the air.
    Don't try to pedal too fast or your speed will become uncontrollable.

    八、自由女神像

      这个自由式特技单车动作有一定难度,并非必须每日练习,但可以在孩子面前秀一下。

    动作要领:
    1. 站在车的右侧
    2. 右手刹住后刹(如刹车反装则相反)
    3. 拉起车头
    4. 将左脚踩在后轮上(图1)
    5. 站起将另一只脚踩在车架和轮子之间,如果没有空间可以踩在座管上(图2)
    6. 调整平衡,重心在后轮轴线上
    7. 象自由女神一样举起左手(图3)
    8. 保持平衡不落下

    小贴士:
    等熟练后在完成这个动作时可以直接将双脚落回脚踏,甚至可以保持前轮抬起继续后轮骑的动作。

    警告:
    如果失去平衡须及时双脚跳开,以免车损人伤。

    How to Do a Statue of Liberty on a Mountain Bike

    This is a difficult but fun freestyle trick that leaves you upright with your arm outstretched. "It's not a particularly practical move on your daily ride; it's more to show off in front of your local 7-Eleven," says renowned mountain biker Hans Rey.

    Steps:
    1. Stand on the right side of your bike.
    2. Lock the rear brake with your right hand. "My rear brake is on the left side, which is why it appears opposite in the photos," notes Hans.
    3. Upend the bike next to you.
    4. Place your left foot on the top of the rear tire. (Image 1)
    5. Stand up and place your other foot between the frame and the tire. If there is no room, try stepping on the seat tube, though this is much more difficult. (Image 2)
    6. Begin hopping your bike immediately to keep your balance. Your center of gravity should be directly above the rear hub.
    7. Raise your left hand into the air like Lady Liberty herself. (Image 3)
    8. Reverse each movement to dismount.

    Tips:
    "If you get really good, you might try dismounting straight to your pedals," says Hans. "I manage to ride a wheelie, move directly into the statue and then back to a wheelie without ever landing my front wheel."

    Warnings:
    If you begin to lose balance, jump off with both feet and stay clear of your bike. You don't want to land on the wheel and bend it.
    Be careful - it is extremely difficult to keep the bike from folding beneath you after losing balance. Try not to land on top of it.

    九、后轮跳、踩跳、跳远

    前脚跟在曲柄以下位置(图8)

      做后轮动作首先要有良好的后刹,刹车把须灵敏,用单指即可完全刹住后轮,其余手指用来握紧车把。

      其次双脚的位置很重要,将习惯的脚作为前脚,前脚跟在曲柄以下位置((图8)。新手可以穿软底的户外或网球鞋,太硬的障碍鞋不利于脚部的感觉和控制。
      
      当抬起前轮做后轮动作时后轮应在身体下方,后轮轴从起始位置的身后移至身体下方。一旦以后轮站住,有些初学者做向后跳的动作比较容易,然后可以开始定点跳,并尝试向前跳跃。

      以前轮滑行或前轮定过渡到后轮跳可能相对容易。当缓慢向前滑行时刹住前刹,此时后轮会抬起,在后轮落下的瞬间刹住后刹并迅速将重心移至后轮。立即开始小幅跳跃,可以是向后跳跃并体验这种感觉。
      
      在定车状态下做定点后轮跳应拉起车把,同时双脚将后轮推至身体下方。记住当身体处于后轮上方时,后轮轴应处于身体的下方而不是身体后方,并立即开始小幅度的跳跃。开始会有相当难度,可能感觉有点怪,不过练习几天就就可以开始跳上几下。

      记住前轮位置越低,也就越难保持前轮抬起的后轮跳姿态。

    1.踩跳

      向前踩跳的要点是保持平衡、脚上动作以及刹车控制。跳跃时要小幅度踩踏并同时瞬间释放刹车,但落地时必须恢复到刹紧状态。双脚需保持灵活,前脚脚跟应低于曲柄末端。速比调整在中慢速,太低则可能跳不起来。双脚不能抬离脚踏,始终很好地控制住单车,后轮踩踏向前时,稍微向后拉车把。

    2.踩跳下

      开始可在较低的街沿、矮墙等处练习下台阶动作,直到有100%的把握时再尝试更高的高度。先应用上述的踩跳技术,直到后轮逐渐接近台阶边缘,并体验前轮在空中的状态。然后再做一次踩跳。用后轮先着地,但不要太陡以免后翻。落地时用双手和腿部动作吸收冲力,重心在单车的中心上部,这样车圈也可以得到保护。

    3.跳远

      熟练掌握下台阶之后,可以尝试发力跳得更远些。跳跃时先将前轮置于较低的位置,然后身体前倾猛地发力踩跳并拉起车把,后轮会向前移至身下并跳得更远。

      宽胎(2.2英寸或以上)比较稳定,落地也比较顺畅,采用40-50psi的胎压,并可根据体重、车胎和车圈状况太选择。跳前可以反复构想这一动作的画面,护胫是必须的,头盔、手套自不必再多提了。

    How to do a Backwheelhop, Backwheelhop forward, and Backwheelhop Gap Jump

    First of all, you need a really good rear brake -- you should have 100% braking power with just 1 finger. And it's important to develop a sensitive feeling for your rear brake because the brake lever is your best friend when dancing on your back wheel. Try to use only one finger, it's better for brake modulation and the remaining fingers are needed to firmly hold the handlebars.
    Secondly your foot position is very important. Soft-soled shoes, like an outdoor or tennis shoe are better than SPD shoes for trials. Clipless shoes are usually too stiff -- you'll loose the direct feeling and contact that's necessary to be one with your bike -- plus you don't really want to be clipped in when you're learning. Have your favorite foot, or "chocolate foot" forward and make sure your heel is below the crank arm, as in photo 8.

    The trick is to get the rear tire under your body. At this point, the rear hub should be below you as in photo 2; the hub should move from behind you as in the start position pictured in photo 1. Once on the back wheel, it's easier for some people to hop backwards at the beginning, and later you can start to practice hopping in one spot, then try to hop forward.

    It may be easier to start the back wheel hop from a little Endo or nose-stand, using the weight-shift to get onto the back wheel. To do this, start by slowly rolling forward and pull the front brake until the rear wheel comes off the ground. As soon the rear wheel drops down to the ground, pull the rear brake and use the momentum of the shifting weight to get onto the rear wheel. Start hopping immediately with the rear brake locked. As mentioned earlier some prefer to keep hopping backwards to get the feel for it.

    To hop in one spot from a standstill as in photo 1, pull the front wheel off the ground with your arms, while at the same time, push the rear wheel under your body with your feet. Remember, once you're up on the back wheel, the rear hub should be under you not and not behind you (see photo 2) and you should immediately start doing little hops. At the beginning it's quite difficult and a strange feeling, but after a few days you should be able to do at least a few hops.

    Remember, the lower your front wheel is to the ground, the harder it is to keep it in the air.

    How to hop forward

    The most important things to focus on for hopping forward are balance, your footwork and brake modulation. To hop forward you'll need to do small pedal kicks forward while releasing the rear brake for a split second, but be sure the rear brake is locked before you land again. Try to be very flexible in your feet (remember to keep that forward heal below the crank arm tip.) Use a medium-to-low gear, just not too low or you won't go anywhere. You don't lift your feet up, you actually do the opposite, pushing your feet down, that way they stay in constant contact with the pedals, and you don't loose contact with your bike. To hop forward, pull back on your bars while pedal kicking the rear wheel slightly forward as in photos 2 and 3.

    How to hop forward off an edge

    First practice on a low, safe drop-off like a curb or small wall and don't do bigger drops until you're a 100% sure you can pull it. Use the same technique as described above to get on your back wheel, just use as many little hops as you need until your rear tire is all the way on the edge as in photo 3. Don't freak out and stop hopping once your front wheel is in the air, you got to be committed and get used to heights --even if it's only a few inches off the ground. Now all you have to do is one additional hop and you'll make it. Try to land on the rear wheel first, but not too steep, like in photo 4, because you might loop over backwards. Try to land smoothly, absorb the impact with your arms and legs by bending your knees at the moment of impact. Also try to land with your weight centered over the bike to avoid bending your rims.

    How to gap jump

    Again, practice in a safe situation first and make sure your take-off edge is fairly smooth and not too slippery. You'll use the same technique as described before, except you have to be very explosive, and timing is even more critical. In extreme situations, it helps to lower your front wheel a bit while it's in the air and you're hopping on your rear tire (photo 5.) Using a quick motion, first throw your weight forward (photo 6) and then, almost simultaneously, pedal kick your bike forward so the rear wheel goes under your body again, while pulling up on the front wheel as in photo 7.

    Fat tires (2.2 or bigger) make it easier to hop and balance and smoother for the landings. Run between 40 - 50 psi tire pressure, depending on your weight, tire and rim choice. Remember, before you try any of this you need to be able to visualize the move in your head. That's only possible if you truly understand what I have explained above. Shin protectors are recommended, not to mention a helmet and gloves....

    十、如何成为职业车手

      如果想成为职业车手当然首先必须擅长这项运动,而这里要谈的是另一件事情—运动的商业性。因为一但成为职业选手,同时也会是一个商人,当然这不意味着要西装革履,但必须明白赞助商为何要赞助你以及如何保持其赞助意愿。

      这里涉及一个商业的底线,即赞助商期望的商业回报,职业运动与一位富有的父亲出于良好意愿支助当地球队并不相同。赞助商赞助某项运动或选手时一般有特别的动机和目的,可能是将其产品与该运动或选手的姓名及肖像产生关联。

      比如SWATCH公司通过赞助滑手Andy MacDonald来提高其在青少年中的认知度,而追随者会模仿这些明星偶像的穿戴习惯。

      大部分公司期望其品牌形象出现在尽可能多的大众面前,冠军选手可以在杂志、录象、电视乃至网络上抛头露面令成千上万的人群关注,这就是价值所在。

      一些赞助商会要求在选手的衣服和头盔上印上标志(Logo),有些则采用选手的姓名和肖像进行产品宣传,或者做些现场表演。有些选手因其保持的纪录而出现在影视杂志中,甚至不用去参加比赛。

      获得赞助和保持这项赞助是两回事,有些选手期望值过高而表现得象超级明星,不成熟和不专业的态度不利于继续获得赞助商的支持。

      别指望赞助商能了解一切,保持与赞助商的联络并通告取得的成绩是明智的商业选择。保留自己运动生涯的所有照片、录象及相关媒体报道,将自己的计划和成绩提供给赞助商,是成为一个职业赞助选手的必备条件。

      如果仅想专注于自己的运动项目,可以聘请一名经纪人打理相关事务,当然仍需注意自身的职业形象和责任感,不良形象即便获得成功也不会长久。

      最后不要欺骗赞助商,如果不满意可以继续找下一个合作伙伴。

    How to become a Pro

    Beyond Sports! by Hans Rey
    It's obvious that if you want to become a professional athlete then you have to be good in your sport. I would like to talk to you a bit about the other side- the business side of sport. Because once you turn pro, you also become a businessperson. This doesn't mean that you need to get a suit and tie! But, it will be to your benefit to understand why a particular company sponsors you and what you can do to keep that sponsor happy.

    The bottom line is that it is a business. And in business, everybody wants something in return. Pro sports is not like local Little League where some rich daddy supports the neighborhood team out of goodwill. When you make it to the top in sports, the sponsors usually have several motives why they re interested in supporting a particular sport or athlete. It could be because they want to establish a relationship and an affiliation between their product and your sport and maybe even your particular image and name.

    For example, a company like SWATCH might expect recognition from young skateboaders because of their sponsorship of Andy MacDonald. In addition, once you become a famous athlete your fans want to be just like you, so they might buy the same watch their idol is wearing.

    However, most important for most sponsors is to get their name, logo and image in front of as many people as possible. If you win a big competition you might get your picture in the magazines, on TV, on Videos, and on web-sites. If you are a successful athlete, you can reach millions of people all over the world and that is where the biggest &#118alue is.

    Many sponsors want you to wear their logos on your shirt or helmet and expect proper representation of their products. Other sponsors might be more interested in using an athletes' name and image in their marketing campaigns (for print ads, catalogs, etc.). And there are also invitations to appear live and give a performance or clinic to show off your outstanding skills. Not every athlete needs to compete. There are pro athletes who are featured in videos and magazines as a tribute to the special (stunt) projects or world records they have achieved.

    It's one thing to get sponsored. It's another thing to stay sponsored. Some athletes expect too much from their sponsors. They not only want to get paid but they also want to be treated like superstars. They act immature or unprofessional. Sponsors are extremely busy people.

    Don't expect your sponsor to know everything you have achieved. It's a wise business move for you to keep your sponsor informed of all of your activities. Keep an archive that includes all press clippings, photos, videos and other media related information focusing on your career. Send him your schedule and let them know of your results. Be sure to present your sponsor with any hard copy material, too. That's all part of being an athlete/businessperson.

    You might say that you don't care about being a businessperson and that you just want to do your sport. In that case, you can hire a manager to do all that for you. But you still need to be professional and responsible. The bad boy image only works for one out of a thousand, if even, and usually does not last very long.

    And remember, you must speak positive about your sponsor. Nobody wants you to lie. If you can't stand behind your sponsor or what they are offering you… then move on. You have got to be tuff enough to turn down a deal ahead of time, if you know it is not going to work for you.

    "M&#111nkey See - M&#111nkey Do" Hans Rey's How-To video 1995

    Hans Rey
    2017年5月25日发布Hans Rey's classic how-to video "M&#111nkey See - M&#111nkey" where we teaches Mr. Jiggs, a chimpanzee, how to ride a bike. While traveling around the world and performing a "underwater" bungee jump Hans teaches how to Bunny Hop, Trackstand, Wheelie and how to ride up and over obstacles.

     

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