首页 | 综合新闻 | 极浪天地 | 极浪小子 | 极浪讲堂 | 极浪图库 | 极浪视频 | 障碍单车 | 公司介绍
 △ 滑板   △ 单车   △ 攀岩   △ 轮滑   △ 跑酷   △ 风浪   △ 越野   △ 户外   △ 装备   △ 场地   △ 综合  
 相关文章
  • Skidsville[0]

  • 2017 UCI Trials Wo…[1]

  • 2017 Red Bull Art …[1]

  • George Peck: 30 Ye…[1]

  • 2017 IRONMAN World…[3]

  • Stone Balance Manu…[4]

  • Skier Øyste…[4]

  • Josef Dressler Bik…[12]

  • 2018 X-Trial FIM W…[10]

  • 2017 Vasek Kolar U…[14]

  • Leversby Racing-Te…[21]

  • 2017 BIU World Bik…[13]

  • 2017 Red Bull Foxh…[13]

  • Sound of Speed[12]

  • Fabio Wibmer Doubl…[11]

  •  最新10篇推荐文章
  • 2016巴塞罗那世界杯…[828]

  • 2016 BIU世界障碍单…[609]

  • 2016 FIM X-Trial W…[716]

  • 2014哈尔滨国际障碍…[1791]

  • 2014“鲁商·松江新…[1283]

  • 障碍单车运动项目介…[1491]

  • 障碍小推车项目介绍…[1766]

  • Biketrial Animatio…[1995]

  • 手指障碍单车模型Ka…[3860]

  • BIU 2012世界障碍单…[2508]

  •  最新10篇热点文章
  • Lego World War Two…[200]

  • Bike Trial Academy…[204]

  • 2016 Trial Indoor …[206]

  • 2016 Trial Europea…[207]

  • The Clash of the S…[210]

  • 2016 Red Bull Sea …[214]

  • 2016 Superenduro C…[215]

  • Specialized Hotwal…[216]

  • RC ADVENTURES - Tr…[216]

  • Dave Walker Cyclin…[217]

  •  
      文章首页>> 极浪讲堂 >> 单车 >> 
       热     
    奥特·皮障碍单车教程(图)
    文:xbreaker   来源:xbreaker   时间:2007-1-28 17:25:00   点击:4698

     奥特·皮障碍单车教程

      西班牙著名选手奥特·皮(Ot Pi)在障碍单车运动领域共获得过12次世界冠军,2008年在上海金茂大厦完成登顶2008级台阶的终极挑战。奥特·皮障碍单车教程由浅入深地讲解了障碍单车基本技术,为初学者提供了循序渐进的练习教程。(Monty 极浪编译)

    一、平衡

      平衡是障碍单车的基本技术,车手通过控制平衡双脚不触地越过障碍物。在极限条件下保持平衡是障碍单车运动的本质,越早开始练习越有利。

    如何保持良好的平衡

      做到良好的平衡需要保持心态平和并不断训练,车把保持平衡,其关键在于运动时将重心控制在单车的中心,集中注意力也是非常重要的因素。练习平衡有以下几种方法。

    1.平地直线骑行:沿地面的直线骑行,越久越好。

    2.窄边骑行:尝试在略高出地面的边缘骑行,对掌握平衡事半功倍。

    3.圆管骑行:在圆形管状物上骑行难度较大,管子越细难度越高。

    4.慢骑:在小杠子等障碍物上进行慢骑对掌握平衡有好处,可以掌握失去平衡时如何调整身体位置。骑行时前轮笔直朝前,最大限度保持平衡。

      在静止时保持平衡比较难,必须左右转动前轮以保持重心在平衡点, 而骑行时则相对容易控制。车轮笔直的状态较少调整平衡的余地,学习平衡技术可以先在骑行状态下练习,根据车的倾斜状况左右调整身体姿态(单车向左则人向右侧倾斜)。然后可以通过前后刹车控制平衡。

      最后可以在两个四脚凳上练习平衡。平衡时须想好脚踏的位置作为平衡支撑点,右脚在前的选手以右脚踏作为支撑点,反之则相反。

    Balance

    Balance technic is essential in Biketrial. People who practice Biketrial is called dinamic equilibrists because we try to keep the balance, surpassing the obstacles with no dabs on the floor.

    The essence of Biketrial is to keep the balance in extreme situation, so when you are talking about this sport, always appears this word. This technic should be worked very early because your body takes the sense of the balance since the beginning. You can see if a rider has begun in Biketrial later because his sense of balance is lower than a guy who has begun earlier.

    What is the thing you must to do to get good balance?

    You must to stay on your bike most peaceful you can. To improve the technic you must to play a lot with your body. If the bike goes to left, your body must go to the right , and viceversa. On the other hand, you must to hold your handlebar as straight as possible . With all this parameters governed, the essential is try to get gravity center in the center of the bike, in all moment. Just so, you mustn't forget that, to improve this technic, is also important the concentration power that you should have when you are doing balance. Exercises to practice balance:

    Continuous lines on the road: You must to ride over those lines as long time as you can.

    Side-walks: You must try to ride just over the border and hold the balance in a position a little beat higher than adjacent floor. In this way you'll get the technic in few time.

    Tube: Ride along a large tube is the most difficult exercise you can do to practice balance technic. More slim tube = more difficult to get the balance but more experience.

    Walking: You can practice balance technic just walking. You can walk over a small railing. This is very useful to get balance essence and learn about how place your body when you lost the balance. It's sure that when you are on the bike you must to keep the maximum balance. When you are on movement, you can get it holding front wheel straight. It is easy.

    Is more difficult when you are stopped because you must turn your wheel, on both sides, to get more overture in gravity center and it will be more easy to be peaceful. To be balanced over a bike is more easy if you have the wheel turned because you have more base. With the wheel on straight position you haven't margin to correct. To learn balance technic, is better begin on movement and, after, peaceful placing your body to the left or right depending the unbalance of the bike. Moreover, you can play with both brakes balancing your body, sweetly, to the front or rear.

    At last, you can practice using four legs chairs, trying to keep the balance only over two. Advanced pedal One question you must to think when you are keeping the balance is the pedal position, that will be useful like support piont and balance. In Biketrial, right side people keep balance better supporting on right pedal and left side people with left pedal in front.

    二、摆前轮

      摆前轮是障碍单车的基本技术之一,可以帮助车手保持平衡,并可调整前轮相对障碍物的位置(如需要变向而又没有足够空间时),后轮保持原位。在做这个技术动作时,双手和双腿就象一个悬挂系统,整个身体如弹簧般将前轮抬起并移动前轮。

      做这个旋转动作时双臂和双腿必须同时协作,双手拉起前轮,身体摆向需要调整方向的一侧,前轮则会随身体转动。注意双臂和双腿的位置并保持蜷曲状态。

      所有障碍单车的技术动作可以找到对应的无单车动作,摆前轮就如在地面举起重物一样,拉起单车时身体应保持蜷曲状态,直体状态则无法完成动作。巩固这一技术的方法就是多加练习,适当的负重训练可以增加臂力和腿部力量。

      开始可以在平地进行小幅度的摆前轮饶圈练习,右脚(在前)选手可先向左饶圈然后向右,熟练后可以在摆前轮的同时增加小幅度跳跃的动作。

    Turn on rear wheel

    This is one of the basic technics of Biketrial and is very useful to hold the balance when you lose it and, moreover, it is useful to face the obstacles perfectly, changing front wheel position with rear wheel always in the same place. Is very important, when you are practicing this technic, to use your legs and your arms like suspension systems. Your body must become in a spring which will work like a suspension, in a full suspension bike. Air in the wheels, and your body, will help you to move front wheel.

    To make this pivotation, you must to contract arms and legs at the same time and make a sweet pull with the arms, while you turn your body sweetly to left or right. This movement will make a lateral displacement of front wheel. Most important is think about arms and legs place, that must to be flexioned.

    With your arms and legs extended the lift movement should be imposible to do. All Biketrial exercises have a correspondence with some normal exercises walking, without your bike. The act of to pivot over rear wheel is comparable to lift a weight from the floor. If we make a comparison, we can see the need that arms and legs must be flexed. It's imposible to lift any weight from the floor with all extremities straight. Must be flexioned. To consolidate this technic, the only way is to practice a lot of times, tough weights exercises are good to take power and release in the movement.

    Top begin, is better to practice in a complete flat floor. It will be very useful begin making little full circles with little pivotations : first to left side and after to right, if you are right. When you have had good full circles, the step is try to do make little jumps to left continued to little more to right, never placing any dab on the floor.

    三、摆尾

      以前轮为轴的摆尾较以后轮为轴的摆前轮难些,起初看似作用不大,因为很多情形通过摆前轮可以达到相同目的。在调整与障碍物的最佳位置时,摆尾的动作幅度比单用摆前轮小,尤其在前轮没有移动空间或不能后退的情况。当然最好能同时掌握摆尾和摆前轮的技术。练习摆尾有以下几个步骤。

    1.在斜坡上练习

      最好的方法是在斜坡上慢速向下滑行,在抵达预先划好的标记处同时刹住前后刹车(前刹可以稍紧些),身体前倾但注意别飞出去(速度要慢)。此时后轮会略微抬起,右脚车手可以向右侧迅速扭胯摆动车尾,左脚车手反之。

    2.在平地改进技术
      
      掌握在斜坡上摆尾动作后,可以尝试在平地练习。预先划线作为标记,踩踏滑行,接近标志时刹住前刹车使后轮抬起,并迅速扭胯摆动车尾。

    3.静态练习

      在静态练习摆尾相对较难,由于没有骑行时的惯性,必须用身体的力量抬起车尾。起尾时身体重心应尽量靠前,鼻子几乎接触到前轮的状态,后轮离地后即做摆尾动作。学会向左右任何一侧摆尾很重要,有时赛道的设置需要在不擅长的方向做动作。右脚选手做任何动作时右脚踏在前,反之则相反。

    4.选择性练习

      摆尾和摆前轮都是障碍单车的基本技术,熟练掌握可轻松面对障碍,可以在狭小空间交替练习摆尾和摆前轮。

      最后可以用摆尾和摆前轮交替上台阶,台阶宽度应能容下整个车身,如果太窄可以将车身斜置于台阶上,前轮在上与后轮相差1到2个台阶,当然保持平衡的难度也相应增加。在台阶上训练可以学会正确放置前轮并避免滑动,也可提高前后轮不在同一高度时的平衡能力。

    Turn on front wheel

    To move rear wheel pivoting on front wheel is a more difficult technic than inverse. In the beginnings of your learning, is an unuseful movement because, in most cases, you can sustitute it for pivotation on rear wheel. Pivotation on front wheel helps you to place the bike in the best position to face the obstacle, saving a lot of movements than you should to do if you only could pivot on rear wheel.

    There are places, caused by ground composition, in which you only can pivot on front wheel, because there aren't possibilities to go back or front wheel hasn't free space to turn. Freedom movements are higher if you can pivot alternatively on front or rear wheel.

    Learning on a gradient

    The best way to learn this movement is on a gradient where you mark a line on. You must to come near to it, in a not high speed to evite to fly over the handlebar, brake and move your body to the front. Braking must be done with both brakes ant the same time, but a little beat more with front.

    Automatically your bike will lift rear wheel. With rear wheel hanged on air, right people will must to make a hip hit to right side to move rear wheel in that way. Left people will made the opposite.

    Improving the technic on flat

    When you are domineering the technic on a gradient, step is try to get it on a flat: you must to mark a line and when you are arriving, pedaling, you must to brake with front brake to lift rear wheel from the floor. When the wheel is in the air, you must to make a hip hit and that's all .

    Improving on static

    When you are got the technic on movement, most difficult way is arriving: make it stopped. To lift rear wheel from the floor you are lost the inertia that you had when you made the movement pedaling so, you must to use your body to get it. You must to displace your gravity center as forward as posible, like you would like to touch front wheel with your nose. Is important to learn this movement to your "bad side", because in any competition the only way to pass the section will be the movement to bad side. You must to learn the movement step by step. Right people make all the movements with right pedal in front and viceversa, independently the side that you would like to make the pivotation.

    Alternative exercises

    Pivotation technics on rear wheel or front wheel are basic in Biketrial. So must to make all them perfectly, without doubts. This way will evite too much efforts and difficulties when you will face the obstacles. A good exercise is to alternate pivotation with both wheels: one time with front wheel and one time with rear, changing the pivotation side at the same time. You can practice a lot in a very short free place.

    Change this exercise to an step, wishing to pass them with no dabs, is the last step in the learning of this technic. In every step you can improve the technic of the front wheel pivoting on rear, and the balance and rear wheel movement pivoting on front wheel. Is important that the choosen step have the same width than the large of the bike. If the step is more slim, you can apply the technic placing the bike not in parallel. Front wheel always will be one or two steps higher than rear so, to keep the balance will be more difficult.

    On the steps you can learn a lot about how to place front wheel to evite the slip of the front wheel. The technic help to improve the capacity to keep the balance in an strange situations like both wheels in different heights.

    四、跳转

      如果在地面画一面钟,用摆前轮的方式从12点位置开始每次转90度,转动一周需要4次动作。较大幅度的跳转可以减少动作次数,从而节省时间和体力。

      跳转动作看似与摆前轮很象,身体蜷曲向前方蓄力,拉起前轮转体的同时跳起将车把拉向转体方向。跳转比摆前轮转动的幅度更大,好的车手可以在后轮不离地的情况下将车头转向180度。

    Turns

    If you draw a clock on the floor, to go from twelve o'lock since three o'lock pivoting on rear wheel, you'll need four movements. With turns technic you'll save time and efforts because you'll made the change of the way with only more larger jump.

    This technic looks like pivoting on rear wheel technic. You must to do it flexioning your body to the front, to pull, after, the handlebar while you turn the body to left or right size, but increasing that jump. In fact, both technics need a similar effort, though the turns must to be done more larger than before. With this technic, a good rider is able to make 180 degrees turns with rear wheel always on the floor.

    五、侧跳

      这个动作和后轮跳类似,不同之处在于有侧向移动。右脚(在前)的车手可能做右侧跳容易些,反之则相反。

      做该动作时前后刹车应刹住,身体蜷曲积聚能量,利用双手和脚部力量将车拉向侧面落地并完成跳跃动作。

      这样的侧跳距离相对较短,一般在40厘米左右,落地后较易保持平衡,如果落地不稳可以用小幅度后轮或前轮跳来获得平衡。对于不同车手练习左右侧跳的难度并不一样,都能掌握是最好的。

    Lateral jump

    This technic is comparable to jump to the rear, but moving yourself to any side. For the right people is more easy to jump to right side and for left people jump to left side.

    With the brakes always blockaded, you must to use your body like a suspension, flexioning it and jumping to one of both sides. To make this jump you must to make the power with your arms and your legs, pulling the bike to move it up and displacing your body to any of both sides to complete the change of the place.

    The jumps made through this technic are relatively short, about 40 centimeters maximum, so to hold the balance in the land is not an attached problem. If you lose the balance when you'll arrive your destiny place, you can correct the position making some little jumps with rear or front wheel. Is a good idea to practice lateral jumps to left or right side because, though is the same technic, the difficulty is different depending your good side.

    六、倒车

      学习倒车对提高骑行的灵活性具有重要意义,向前骑行只要蹬踩脚踏就可以做到。

      倒车则要难很多,也不能使用脚踏完成。学会倒车可以将更好地控制单车,这在调整车位或其他需要的情况下会非常管用。

      先将车头转向习惯的一侧并刹住刹车,身体前倾越过把横。然后突然将身体重心后移并同时释放刹车,利用身体将车向后拉动。

      最好先在缓坡上面对坡面练习,这样在释放刹车的同时车子会因惯性向后倒,而开始就在平地练习倒车可能会原地不动。

    Back Walk

    To go back is very important to improve your mobility on the bike. All the people is accustomed to go to the front because is very easy pedaling to do it.

    To go back isn't as easier as to go to the front because you can't use the pedals. To go back offers to you more bike control and is very useful to correct in the moment you try to pass any obstacle for second time or in other situations you must to know to go back correctly.

    You must to begin from an initial position on the bike with front wheel turned to left or right (depending your good side). Since that position you must to fix your brakes, place your body to the front and, when it is over the handlebar, you must to displace, suddenly, all the weight to the rear and unfix the brakes. In this way you can use your own body impulse to go back.

    To get this technic in the right way is better to begin to practice it in a ground with a little slope, because at the same moment you'll unfix the brakes, the bike will have the tendency to go back. In a flat ground, first time you try the technic, the bike wants to be quiet. In a slope ground the rider impulse added to the inertia, caused by the slope floor, will transport the bike to the rear .

    八、刹车

      障碍单车运动离不开刹车,一般使用后刹的几率要高于前刹(6:4左右),当然老用前刹车也增加翻车的机会。在通常情况下刹车时身体重心应靠后,双臂伸直抓紧把横,以避免失去平衡。

      在刹车前应该有个预估,看清楚刹车位置并做积极反应,在打滑失去控制时不要使用刹车。

    1.刹车把位置

      建议后刹车安装在习惯用手的一侧,这样有利于刹车时的发力和反应速度。一般来说习惯右手的将后刹车安装在右侧,反之则相反。刹车时反应要尽可能迅速,一些摩托攀爬车手的前刹装在在右侧,后刹则在左侧。

    2.刹车方式

      油刹可能是最好的刹车,为大部分选手在世界锦标赛或其他主要赛事中所采用。大部分情况使用食指控制刹车,其余手指则用来抓紧车把以免刹车动作时失控。在一些如极限坡道等特别情况,可以使用食指和中指两个手指来控制刹车。

    3.总结

      障碍单车运动是一项需要经常使用刹车的项目,大部分时间需要刹紧后刹车而不允许滑动。可以在车圈上涂上柏油以提高圈刹的制动性能,刹车动作也会因此变得更有力。

    Brake

    In Biketrial you must to brake with both brakes, but always with a bigger percentage with rear brake than front brake. We could fix this percentage in 60% with rear brake and 40% with front because if you brake more with front than rear, you could overturn. In the moment of breaking, in normal conditions, you must to try to displace the weight most rear as you can on the bike and hold the handlebar as straight as possible. In this way you'll get more control and you'll reduce the risk of unbalance.

    You must to anticipate, as soon as possible, and foresee where you'll begin the breaking, to make it progressive and don't block the brakes because it will difficult the control caused by the sliding.

    Placing of the levers

    An interesant counsel is to place the lever of rear brake - that is the most important - in your good hand on the handlebar. Right side for right people and left side for left people. Your good hand always has more strenght and reaction response. The most important is that your reaction must to be as inmediate as you can. Some trial moto riders are placing the levers like in the motorcycle. Front brake in right side and rear brake in left side.

    Way of braking

    Actually, the best braking is got with hidraulic brakes, that are the best brake that most riders have installed in their bikes in World Championship and main competitions. In most situations the braking is made only with index finger, holding the rest of fingers taking the handlebar to evite to lose the control in the moment of brake. In extreme situations - like extreme ramps - where you need a very hard braking you can brake with two fingers, index and heart.

    Couseils

    In Biketrial, most brakings need that rear wheel will be completely blocked, with few chances of sliding. Moreover is an sport that riders always are braking. To optimize the braking capacity of the bike is a very good option to scratch the rims and cover them, a little beat, with asphaltic floor. You'll get a more hard and powerful braking.

    九、踩跳前进

      踩跳是用来在无法滑行的不平地面上前进的方式,以双轮跳跃避开可能导致摔倒的路段。

      踩跳时先刹住刹车,踩踏的同时释放刹车并利用手脚的发力来完成动作。踩踏动作需迅猛,越快则跳的越远,这也和爆发力成正比。

      踩踏动作始终在同侧脚踏进行,右脚(在前)的车手踩右脚踏,反之则相反。

    Pedal hit to advance

    This technic is used to advance when the ground is not plain and you can't surpass it rolling. The rider will choice the option of jump that place, eluding to touch the ground with the wheels to evite a fall. You'll get the jump to the front making a pedals hit, assisted with arms and legs.

    Is very important, to get success, the good play of the brakes. Pedal hit should be simultaneously to the unblock of the brakes. At the beginning, the brakes must to be be blocked, making the pedal hit in the moment of unblock them. Pedal hit must to be abrupt to get the advance of the bike. More abrupt=more distance of the jump.

    The power of your muscles that make the effort (cuadriceps) is proportional to the success of the movement. You haven't forget that pedal hit is always made with the same pedal. left pedal for left people and right for rights.

    十、干拔

      利用手臂推进使单车移(跳)动到位需要良好的臂力,并可以在平地、坡道乃至陡峭路面前进。

      在赛道上连续采用该技术将消耗较大的体能。开始时应保持平衡,刹车保持放松状态,不使用踩踏动作辅助。

      身体先蜷曲,然后突然伸展并用手推车把将车推至目的地。

      该动作常见于不能进行踩踏动作的赛段,也是改变前进方向时的常用技术。

      在台阶上练习可以提高技术水平,帮助每一个动作做到双轮同时到位。

    Arms advance

    This technics consists to displace all the bikes with jumps, that you must to make with your arms power. In this way you can advance on a flat ground, on a ramp or on an steep ground.

    This technic is very sure, but is required a lot of power to make it continuosly into a section or in different sections into a competition. You must to begin in a balance position. All the movements are made with the brakes totally blocked, so you won't have the "help" of the pedals.

    You'll get the advance flexioning all your body and extending it suddenly while your arms push the handlebar to place the bike in the desired place.

    The use of this technic is very usual because if you are playing a section where it's impossible to pedal, the only way is to use this technic. Moreover, is a very versatile technic because you can use it with the bike completely straight or wick and land in a different position with a simple hip hit on the air.

    A useful counseil to improve the arms advance is to practice it on a stairs, and structure that will help to fix the exact places where you must to place both wheels in every jump.

    十一、后轮跳

      后轮跳是非常重要的过障碍技术,现实的赛道很多情况下只能使用后轮,比如有时会遇到小于车长的狭窄空间,只能将前轮抬起来保持平衡。最近几年比赛的障碍物越来越窄,后轮跳技术也迅速发展。

      比如遇到树桩或垂直的台阶时只能以后轮跳的方式通过,因而练好后轮跳将尤为重要。学习后轮跳主要有以下三个步骤:

    1. 拉起车头

      后仰拉把起车头是学习后轮跳的第一步,可以在坡道上练习。先面坡道方向刹住刹车并伸直双臂拉起车把,双脚向后施力。当前轮腾空时将车把拉向自己,防止前轮落下,感觉车向后倒时通过跳跃保持平衡。

      这个动作与在地面举起重物类似,需要爆发力才能拉起车头。起前轮后身体需蜷曲并将车把拉向身体,在将失去平衡时将车把推离身体,身体后倾并猛拉车把跳跃。提高技术的最好办法是不断超越自己,每天增加练习次数可以带来进步。

      日积月累才能有所成效,通过努力方能超越对手。记得小时候我和邻居Antonio Talavera 比赛谁跳的更多,如果他跳了9次我就回去跳10次,我们就这样互相促进学习。

    2. 原地跳跃

      熟练掌握后仰拉把起车头后,可以开始纯粹用拉把动作起车头并练习平地的原地跳跃。

      在平地上先刹住刹车,身体重心向后拉起车把使前轮抬起,伸展双腿同时拉动车把跳跃。注意身体位置,使前轮处于较高位置易于保持平衡。

    2. 踩踏后轮跳

      踩踏后轮跳是在起前轮进行后轮跳的过程中用踩踏动作和刹车控制的后轮跳跃,是重要的障碍单车技术。踩跳时的刹车控制尤为重要,开始时刹紧刹车,踩踏瞬间要放开刹车。

      踩踏动作要迅猛,用向前跳跃的动作抵抗松刹造成的前轮下降。注意后轮着地时前轮应保持在抬起的状态,刹住刹车并尽量抬高车头。

      注意踩踏动作必须始终在同侧进行(右脚车手踩右侧脚踏,反之则相反),发力越猛跳得越远。

    Jump on rear wheel

    This technic is very important, because current Biketrial is everytime more technic and there are a lot of sections where you only can use rear wheel. Sometimes, the places where you must to ride are very narrow and more short than the lenght of the bike so, you must to go up with the front wheel on the air and keep the balance to surpass the obstacle. Jump on rear wheel is the technic more improved in the last years because the obstacles are more narrow everytime and you must to know jump on rear wheel very well to try some obstacles.

    For instance, if you must to climb over a tree root but it is unable to contain the bike you must to go up on rear wheel only. Another situation could be a very narrow and vertical stairs. It could be the same technic. For all of it, you must to learn this technic very well.

    There are three different ways to make this technic

    1. Go back with the arms

    This is the first technic you must to learn to jump on rear wheel.It must to be practised on a gradient: you must to go up on it, brake raising front wheel- is very easy always on a ramp- and, with the brakes blockade, you go back jumping down again. To raise front wheel on a ramp you must to brake and pull up the handlebar with the arms. When the front wheel will be on air, it will have the tendency to go back so, to correct the that unbalance and evite a back fall down, you must to extend arms and legs making an impulse to rear. One time you are landed, you must to control the front wheel to evite that it falls down, placing the handlebar near your body. It will seems that the bike would like to overturn to rear, but another jump will arrange it.

    The movement that you make on the bike is completely comparable the movement that makes the gymnast to lift up the weights of the floor, with an abrupt movement to up. More exactly, after to raise front wheel the body of the rider must to make a flexion, attracting the handlebar to him. When the unbalance is produced, the rider must to go far of the handlebar placing his body to the rear and after, throw strongly the handlebar to get a jump of the bicycle. The best way to improve this technic is try always to surpass yourself. The motivation to get a bigger number of jumps everyday will take you to an exponencial progression.

    The best submission is in a collectible training because a different level between riders take you to make more effort to surpass the other. I remember with love when I was a boy and, with my neighbour Antonio Talavera made competitions to get more jumps than the other. If he said me that he was got 9 jumps, when I return home I tried to get 10 jumps to win him. I learned of him and he learned of me.

    2. With the arms

    After to consolidate the technic of jump with the arms going back you can begin to jump only with the arms. You must to raise the front wheel and with the power of your arms jump always in the same place. You can make this technic with your brakes blockaded, but in a flat ground and jumping on the same place.

    First of all you must to raise your front wheel; with your body placed before you must to change all the weight to back throwing the handlebar. To make the jumps, first of all you must to double the legs and after extend them at the same time that the arms that, simultaneously, pull up the handlebar. To evite that front wheel touch the ground in the land, the body must to correct the position trying that front wheel be placed very high, because is more easy to controlate.

    3. With pedal hit

    It is a depurated technic and one of the most important that exists in Biketrial. It consists in to raise front wheel and advance through little jumps, making pedal hits and playing with the brakes according to it. You must to raise the front wheel but with the thinking to advance so, you must to make a pedal hit. Is very important, to get success, the brake play. Pedal hit must be done simultaneously with the unlock of the brakes. You begin with the brakes locked, doing pedal hit at the moment to unlock.

    This pedal hit must be very abrupt, because when you unlock the brakes front wheel begins to fall down and are just that pedal hit and chain traction the causants of the rebalance and to launch the bike to the front. You must to remember two important questions: One time you have done the jump and rear wheel has contacted the ground again, you must to evite that front wheel touch the floor, locking again the brakes and raising that wheel highest possible.

    On the other hand, you must to remember that all pedal hits must be done with the same pedal: left pedal for left people and right for right people. More abrupt pedal hit will place the bike more far so, the powered of the muscles that make this action (cuadriceps) will contribute a more success of the movement.

    十二、打把转向

      打把是在障碍物小于轮距的情况下转向时采用,边后轮跳边踩踏打把转向,每次以后轮为轴心转一点角度。

      一般右撇子习惯向左转,左撇子更喜欢向右转。当跳起的瞬间,人及车把都要向转动方向旋转,并带动车头转向。

      刹车的运用与后轮跳类似,在踩踏的瞬间松开刹车,转向后落下时必须刹紧。

    Jump on rear wheel turning

    This technic is useful to attack an obstacle in that places where it is smaller than the full bike. You must to start in the position where the rider is jumping on rear wheel with pedals hits. The turn must to be made slowly(step by step), like you are pivoting on rear wheel; in every jump you must to turn few degrees.

    Right people has more facilities to turn to left side and left people will be more confortable turning to right side. When you are on the air, you must to turn your girdle to the desired side and inmediately after, accompany the handlebar to the same side, returning to place the bike right respect your body. Brakes play is the same like in the movement of jump on rear wheel.

    You must to unlock the brakes only in the moment to make the pedal hit for realize the jump and turn. When you land again, the brakes must be locked.

    十三、潮湿地面骑行

      遇到湿滑的赛道或面对布满碎石的河流该怎么办?

      首先应选择抓地性最好的外胎,内胎充只要一半气就可以。当然这样也会令攀爬障碍时比较费力。抓地性的提高同时也带来轮子弹性的降低,阻力也更大。

      在湿滑环境下刹车一定要注意,圈刹因车圈打滑会丧失其原有性能(碟刹则受影响较小)。

      在湿滑表面必须注意动作的精确性,此时过赛道不允许有过多的失误,而在干燥的情况下或许还有机会找到最佳位置以外的地方保持平衡。进入赛道前要想清楚,需要在哪里骑行并力图以最小的动作幅度保持平衡。

    Wet surfaces advance

    What I must to do when I'm riding over very slippery sections?.

    How I must to confront the advance into a river where the stones slice and it seems that the stones would like to throw us down?

    The first thing you must to do is try to get the maximum adherence possible in your tyres, descending the pressure of the tubes to the half, though it could be too much. The riding will change a lot, because the ausence of air into the tubes will reduce the rebounds a lot. It causes that the rider must to do more effort to surpass the sections.

    You must to take care of your brakes a lot, because on wet conditions the brakes lose the power of braking when the rims are wet(with the current brake disks systems it has been arranged a lot). Is totally necessary that rims rims will be scratched with an abrupt draw to brake in dry conditions, when it will be necessary.

    Maximum precision in driving

    The technic of roding on wet surfaces must to be very precise, because the sections give you very few margin of error when you are riding in the correct way. In dry conditions if you lose the best way you can find another good place to keep the balance, but it is very difficult in wet conditions. You must to have very clear, before ride the section, which will be thew places where you'll ride and reduce thew movements on the bike to the minimum in every section, making only the necessary to keep the balance.

     

    责任编辑: Xbreaker

    上一篇文章: 汉斯·瑞山地单车教程
    下一篇文章: UCI障碍单车比赛规则(2009)

    设为首页 | 加入收藏 | 联系我们 |
    @ 2001-2011 Xbreaker. All Rights Reserved.  授权使用:极浪体育网
    Power System of xbreaker.com. Powered by stone 页面执行时间:125毫秒